You will use appropriate strategies to convert a quadratic function from one form to the other: from vertex to general form or from general to vertex form.
After completing this tutorial, you will be able to complete the following:
Forms of a quadratic function
The general (also referred to as standard) form of the quadratic function is f(x) = ax^2+ bx + c, where a is the leading coefficient (the coefficient of the quadratic term), b is the linear coefficient, and c is the constant term. Furthermore, if a > 0, then the parabola opens up and if a < 0, the parabola opens down.
The vertex form of the quadratic function is generally expressed as f(x) = a(x - h)^2+ k, with the value of a having the same effect on the graph of the function as it does in the general form; in addition, the values of x = h and k are the x and y-coordinates, respectively, at the vertex. For example, in the function f(x) = 2(x + 2)^2 - 2, the parabola opens up and has a minimum at the vertex (-2, -2).
Converting the quadratic function to vertex form is an integral part of graphing quadratic functions.
Converting the quadratic function from general to vertex form is an integral part of graphing quadratic functions, and Section 2 of the Activity Object provides a step-by-step procedure for accomplishing this conversion process. For example, if a student is given the following quadratic function in the general form of f(x) = ax2 + bx + c, finding the highest or lowest point (the vertex) is needed to graph the function of the parabola.
f(x) = x^2 + 4x - 3
What is clear, from the above function in general form, is that the x- and y-coordinates of the vertex are not obvious; however, a transformation (see example below) of the general form into vertex form reveals that the vertex of the parabola is (-2, -7).
|Approximate Time||30 Minutes|
|Pre-requisite Concepts||Learners should be familiar with completing the square and simplifying expressions.|
|Type of Tutorial||Procedural Development|
|Key Vocabulary||completing the square, function, general form of the quadratic function|