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Naming Acids and Bases

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Acids and Bases

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Naming Acids and Bases

Chemistry

Learning Made Easy

You will learn how to familiarize yourself with chemistry, specifically through laboratory simulations, explore the basic properties of acids and bases and learn how to name them as well as identify acid-base reactions.

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Now You Know

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to complete the following:

  • Name acids and bases using the IUPAC system.

Everything You'll Have Covered

What would be the name for an acid produced from the bromide anion? Explain how you arrived at this name.

~ An acid produced from the bromide anion would be named hydrobromic acid. According to IUPAC nomenclature rules, anions ending with -ide include the name of the anion preceded by the prefix hydro- followed by the suffix -ic.

What would be the name for an acid produced from the chromate anion? Explain how you arrived at this name.

~ An acid produced from the chromate anion would be named chromic acid. According to IUPAC nomenclature rules, anions ending with -ate include the name of the anion and include the suffix -ic.

What would be the name for an acid produced from the nitrite anion? Explain how you arrived at this name.

~ An acid produced from the nitrite anion would be named nitrous acid. According to IUPAC nomenclature rules, anions ending with -ite include the name of the anion and include the suffix -ous.

How are bases named, and what are some common bases?

~ Bases are named similar to the naming of ionic and covalent compounds. Some common bases include sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and ammonium hydroxide.

Tutorial Details

Approximate Time 2 Minutes
Pre-requisite Concepts Students should be able to define acid, anion, and base.
Course Chemistry
Type of Tutorial Animation
Key Vocabulary acid, anion, base