You will get to learn about the major groups of elements found in the Periodic Table and their properties. Gain further understanding of how the structure of the Periodic Table can help you see trends in the properties of elements.
After completing this tutorial, you will be able to complete the following:
Why is carbon one of the most important elements on Earth?
~ Carbon is one of the most important elements on Earth because all living organisms consist of carbon compounds.
Which elements are in Group 4A on the Periodic Table?
~ Carbon, silicon, germanium, tin, and lead are the elements in Group 4A.
Name three types of pure carbon.
~ Diamond, graphite, and fullerene are pure forms of carbon.
What are some characteristics of diamond, graphite, and fullerene that make them unique?
~ Diamond is very hard, while graphite is very soft. Fullerenes form crystal structures in solid form.
What are some interesting characteristics of silicon and tin?
~ Silicon is the second-most abundant element on Earth and is generally available in nature as silicon dioxide, a composition of sand. Tin does not oxidize easily and is resistant to corrosion, so it is used to coat other metals.
|Approximate Time||2 Minutes|
|Pre-requisite Concepts||Students should be able to define the following terms: bronze, carbon, and chemical properties.|
|Type of Tutorial||Animation|
|Key Vocabulary||carbon, germanium, group 4A|