You will get to learn about the major groups of elements found in the Periodic Table and their properties. Gain further understanding of how the structure of the Periodic Table can help you see trends in the properties of elements.
After completing this tutorial, you will be able to complete the following:
Which elements are in Group 5A of the Periodic Table?
~ The elements in Group 5A are nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, and bismuth.
What are some characteristics of nitrogen?
~ The atomic number of nitrogen is 7. It is a colorless, odorless, stable gas. Nitrogen makes up 78 percent of our atmosphere.
What are some characteristics of phosphorus?
~ The atomic number of phosphorus is 15. Phosphorus is reactive and does not occur in nature in its elemental state. It can be found in many important compounds in organisms such as DNA, RNA, ATP, and phospholipids.
What are some characteristics of arsenic?
~ The atomic number of arsenic is 33. Arsenic is poisonous. It used to be used in low doses to treat various illnesses. Arsenic is used today in pesticides and alloys.
What are some characteristics of antimony?
~ The atomic number of antimony is 51. Antimony is silvery-white and is used in glass and ceramics and in the semiconductor industry.
What are some characteristics of bismuth?
~ The atomic mass of bismuth is 83. Bismuth is a heavy, fragile, gray metal. It is used in cosmetics and medicine.
|Approximate Time||2 Minutes|
|Pre-requisite Concepts||Students should be able to define the following terms: Group VA elements, Group 5A elements, and p-block elements.|
|Type of Tutorial||Animation|
|Key Vocabulary||Group VA elements, Group 5A elements, p-block elements|